A+ A A-


Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Books and Sources

On this page are enumerated the sources used for my search on the history of Dordrecht, Holland and Ancient Europe.

Many of these sources can be visited on their respective websites on the www, when available I added a link to the websites.

On the WWW

Mr. drs. Dirk van Duijvenbode in Dutch

The Royal Genealogy site in English

Internet Medieval Sourcebook in English

Genealogy of Holland in English

Women in Leadership in English

Historische sprokkelingen in Dutch

Wikipedia the free encyclopedia in English

The Info please encyclopedia in English

 Het volk van Nederland in Dutch

The 1911 edition encyclopedia in English

The Dutch Republic in English

Genealogy page of the Nassau family

Maximilian Genealogy Master Database

A German page in English The Stem Duchies

All about Castles and Ruins in The Netherlands


I also used several books conserning the topics I am writing about. Thse books are all in the public domain, thats why I published them on this website. The books written by C. Davies are in my own library even as The Annalsof Egmond, the books of Albert Delahaye, The books of Mathijs Balen, Beschryving der Stad Dordrecht.1676.

Chronographia Johannis de Beke, Croniken van den Stichte van Utrecht ende van Hollant.

Rhyme chronicle of Holland (366-1305) through an anonymous author and Melis Stoke.

Mathijs Balen, Beschryving der Stad Dordrecht.1676.

Henri Pirenne, Histoire de Belgique, 7 vol. (1900–32), a brilliantly written history extending to 1914 by the famous Belgian historian, covers for the period of the Middle Ages the northern as well as the southern parts of the Low Countries, although emphasis is on the south (the post-Revolt period is covered only for the south).

Ivo Schöffer, A Short History of the Netherlands, 2nd rev. ed. (1973), provides a useful history of the northern Netherlands.

An excellent general synthesis written by expert authors is J.A. Bornewasser et al. (eds.), Winkler Prins Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 3 vol. (1977–78).

Pietsser Geyl, Geschiedenis van de Nederlandsche stam, rev. ed., 3 vol. (1948–58), is a monumental work in which the linguistic-ethnic unity of the Dutch-speaking Low Countries is emphasized.

D.P. Blok et al. (eds.), Algemene Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 15 vol. (1977–83), is an extensive history of both the northern and southern Low Countries from Roman times to the present day, with detailed bibliographies.

The Dutch-speaking part of actual Belgium is considered in Max Lamberty et al. (eds.), Twintig Eeuwen Vlaanderen, 15 vol. (1972–79).

Other works concerning the same area include Renée Doehaerd et al. (eds.), Histoire de Flandre: des origines à nos jours (1983), an excellent and up-to-date general synthesis; and A.G.H.A. Baart and J. Louage (eds.), Culturele geschiedenis van Vlaanderen, 10 vol. (1982–83), a more popular version by good scholars of the general history of art, literature, and daily life.

The French-speaking regions have been competently dealt with by Émile Coornaert, La Flandre française de langue flamande (1970); Louis Trenard (ed.), Histoire des Pays-Bas français (1972, reissued 1984); and Hervé Hasquin et al. (eds.), La Wallonie: le pays et les hommes, 6 vol. (1975–81).

The prehistory of the Low Countries is presented by Sigfrid J. de Laet, The Low Countries (1958), the only general survey in English on the topic, but now out of date in many respects; L.P. Louwe Kooijmans, The Rhine/Meuse Delta (1974), on prehistory and Holocene geology in the Dutch coastal wetlands; H.T. Waterbolk, “Archaeology in the Netherlands: Delta Archaeology,” World Archaeology, 13(2):240–54 (1981), a short evaluation of Dutch archaeology in the last decades; and J.H.F. Blowmers, L.P. Louwe Kooijmans, and H. Sarfatij, Verleden Land: Archeologische opgravingen in Nederland (1981), a full-colour presentation of modern-day archaeology in the Netherlands, from the Middle Paleolithic up to post-medieval times.

W. Jappe Alberts, H.P.H. Jansen, and J.F. Niermeyer, Welvaart in wording: sociaal-economische geschiedenis van Nederland van de vroegste tijden tot het einde van de Middeleeuwen, 2nd enlarged ed. (1977), presents a social and economic history of the northern Netherlands during the Middle Ages, with emphasis on the economic aspects.

É. de Moreau, Histoire de l’Église en Belgique, 5 vol. (1945–52), with exhaustive bibliographies, and a supplemental vol. containing maps (1948); and R.R. Post, Kerkgeschiedenis van Nederland in de Middeleeuwen, 2 vol. (1957), are extensive handbooks of the church history of, respectively, the southern and the northern Netherlands.

D.P. Blok, De Franken in Nederland, 3rd ed. (1979), offers a brilliant portrayal of the early history of the northern Netherlands.

P.C.J.A. Boeles, Friesland tot de elfde eeuw: zijn vóór- en vroege geschiedenis, 2nd ed. (1951), is an authoritative work on early Frisian history, with a lengthy English summary.

François-L. Ganshof, La Flandre sous les premiers comtes, 3rd ed. rev. (1949), reCounts the history of the important principality of Flanders, tracing its origins and ending with the eventful crisis of 1127–28.

Henry Stephen Lucas, The Low Countries and the Hundred Years’ War, 1326–1347 (1929, reprinted 1976), is a reliable and richly documented account of political events.

A series of books by Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold: The Formation of the Burgundian State, rev. ed. (1979), John the Fearless: The Growth of Burgundian Power, rev. ed. (1979), Philip the Good: The Apogee of Burgundy (1970), and Charles the Bold: The Last Valois Duke of Burgundy (1973), are well-documented studies of the Burgundian Dukes and the growth of their political power. J. Huizinga, The Waning of the Middle Ages: A Study of the Forms of Life, Thought, and Art in France and the Netherlands in the XIVth and XVth Centuries (1924, reprinted 1985; originally published in Dutch, 1919), is a classic work. Walter Prevenier and Wim Blockmans, The Burgundian Netherlands (1986; originally published in Dutch, 1983), is a magnificently illustrated scholarly general synthesis concerning the period 1380–1530. Geoffrey Parker, The Dutch Revolt (1977), analyzes the period 1565–1659.

Petrus Johannes Blok, History of the People of the Netherlands, 5 vol. (1898–1912, reprinted 1970; originally published in Dutch, 8 vol., 1892–1908), is a classic history of the northern territories, although now outdated, particularly so on the history of the Middle Ages.

Books published on this website :

All in the public domain.

Holland, the history of The Netherlands By Thomas Colley Grattan with a supplementary chapter of recent events by Julian Hawthorne Lardner's ‘Cyclop.’ vol. x. 1830.

History of Holland and the Dutch Nation From the beginning of the tenth to the end of the eighteenth century. Including an account of the municipal institutions, commercial pursuits, and social habits of the people. The rise and progress of the protestant reformation in Holland. The intestine dissentious foreign wars By C. M. Davies. In Three Volumes Vol. I LONDON: G.Willis, Great Piazza, Covent Garden. MDCCCXLI.

History of Holland  Cambridge Universitiy Press C.F. CLay, Manager London: Fetter Lane, E.C.4 By George Edmundson D. LITT., F.R.G.S., F.R.HIST.S. Sometime Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford Hon. Member of the Dutch Historical Societssy, Utrecht, Foreign member of the Netherland Societssy of Literature, Leyden. Cambridge at the Universitiy Press 1922.

More to come soon


Dumas, Intro

The Black Tulip

by Alexandre Dumas 
A deceptively simple story and the shortest of Dumas's most famous novels, The Black Tulip (1850) weaves historical events surrounding a brutal murder into a tale of romantic love. Set in Holland in 1672, this timeless political allegory draws on the violence and crimes of history, making a case against tyranny and creating a symbol of justice and tolerance: the fateful tulipa negra.

The Black Tulip is a historical novel written by Alexandre Dumas, père.

The story begins with a historical event — the 1672 lynching of the Dutch Grand Pensionary (roughly equivalent to a modern Prime Minister) Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis, by a wild mob of their own countrymen — considered by many as one of the most painful episodes in Dutch history, described by Dumas with a dramatic intensity.

The main plot line, involving fictional characters, takes place in the following eighteen months; only gradually does the reader understand its connection with the killing of the de Witt brothers.

The city of Haarlem, Netherlands has set a prize of 100,000 guilders to the person who can grow a black tulip, sparking competition between the country's best gardeners to win the money, honour and fame. The young and bourgeois Cornelius van Baerle has almost succeeded, but is suddenly thrown into the Loevestein prison. There he meets the prison guard's beautiful daughter Rosa, who will be his comfort and help, and at last his rescuer.

The novel was originally published in three volumes in 1850 as La Tulipe Noire by Baudry (Paris).


William, Prince of Orange, afterward William III. King of England.

Louis XIV, King of France.

Cornelius de Witt, inspector of dikes at the Hague.

Johan de Witt, his brother, Grand Pensionary of Holland.

Colonel van Deeken, aide-de-camp to William of Orange.

Dr. Cornelius van Baerle, a tulip-fancier, godson of Cornelius de Witt.

Mynheer Isaac Boxtel, his rival.

Marquis de Louvois.

Count Tilly, Captain of the Cavalry of the Hague.

Mynheer Bowelt, deputy.

Mynheer d'Asperen, deputy.

The Recorder of the States.

Master van Spenser, a magistrate at Dort.

Tyckalaer, a surgeon at the Hague.

Gerard Dow.

Mynheer van Systens, Burgomaster of Haarlem and President of its Horticultural Society.

Craeke, a confidential servant of John de Witt.

Gryphus, a jailer. Rosa, his daughter, in love with Cornelius van Baerle.


The Dordrecht Minster 2

Dordrecht Ancient Capital of Holland

Counts of Holland Arms.svg Wapendordrecht
Coat of arms of the County of Holland Coat of arms of Dordrecht

The Dordrecht Minster or Church of our Lady


Inside the Dordrecht Minster

The Maria or Lady Chapel

DSC00080 P1000351
The Maria or Lady Chorus, 1283, was damaged during the great city fire in 1457 and partly rebuild The Maria or Lady Corus, this organ was installed in 2006 and build in acc. with the speicifications of the original 18th century Bach organ


DSC00081 DSC00215
The Maria or Lady Chorus, memorial for the famous seascape painter J.C.Schotel, installed in 1839 The Maria (Lady) Chorus, stained glass windows

The Meerdervoort, Jerusalem and St George’s Chapels

DSC00086 DSC00089
The northern Choir Aisle, view on the Meerdervoort chapel The northern Choir Aisle, memorial for an English sea officer who was killed on March 21,1793 at Noerdijk in defend of Holland against Napoleon. The English army was quartered at Dordrecht to defend Holland against the French


P1000356 P1000360
The Meerdervoort Chapel, close up Meerdervoort Chapel, tombstone of Michasel Pompe (died 1639) and his wife Adriana de Bevere (died 1678)


DSC00201 P1000541
The Meerdervoort Chapel, close up The Meerdervoort Chapel


DSC00092 DSC00095 DSC00098
Stained glass window in the Meerdervoort Chapel, The life of Jesus Stained glass window in the Meerdervoort Chapel, Thedead of Jesus Stained glass window in the Meerdervoort Chapel, The resurrection of Jesus


P1000471 P1000470
View on the Jerusalem Chapel, the three stained glass windows which, like in the Meerdervoort Chapel, were given by the Stoop family, depicts three moments in the history of Dordrecht: the St Elizabeth’s Flood of 1421, the Great City Fire of 1457 and the occupation of Dordrecht on 6 April 1481, during the battles between ´Hooks and Cods´ groups (see description next) View on the The Jerusalem and the St George’s Chapel who belonged to the Guild of Bowmen


DSC00206 P1000545
The Jerusalem Chapel


DSC00107 DSC00104 DSC00110
The Jerusalem Chapel, stained glass window depicting the St. Elisbath Flood in 1421 The Jerusalem Chapel, stained glass window depicting the great fire of 1457 The Jerusalem Chapel, stained glass window depicting Dordrecht occupied by the Cods trickered by Jan van Egmond on April 6th 1481 during the Hooks and Cods wars


DSC00209 P1000549
Modern stained glass windows in the St George’s Chapel, this chapel belonged to the Guild of Bowmen, installedf in 2006


The St Louis’ or Minster Chapel, the St Apolonia’s Chapel and the St Pancras’ Chapel

P1000366 munterskapel
The southern Choir Aisle, from left to right, the St Louis’ or Minster Chapel, the St Apolonia’s Chapel, the St Pancras’ Chapel, The Jan van Muylwyck Chapel, St John’s Chapel, St Jacob the Major and the St Peter and St Paul Chapel In 1433 the Minters guild took responsibility for the St Louis’ Chapel. Coins of the realm were minted in Dordrecht for many centuries. Above the door there can be seen the Minters’ coat of arms and tools, with the inscription, ´Hast Thou aimed for money, more excellent than gold; share Thy money with the poor and expect a hundredfold´. Counting the red-painted Roman numbers on the inscription, we get 1675. That was the year in which the screen was installed


P1000425 P1000490
View from the Sanctuary to the St Pancras’ Chapel View to the east of the southern Choir Aisle


P1000371 pancraskapel
The St Pancras’ Chapel. The third chapel in the Southern Choir Aisle belongs to the Vriesendorp family societssy and was restored in 1914. The attractive screen and stained glass window were also added at that time. The window shows the history of the young Pancratius, who was killed for his beliefs in the year 303. On the left-hand side Pancratius stands before the emperor, who is trying to persuade him to give up his belief. The right-hand side shows the death of the young martyr. Pancratius is kneeling while the executioner raises the sword to behead him.


P1000395 DSC00122
The St John’s Chapel, stained glass window depicting the charitable activities of the Order of the Knights of St John of Malta. The St John’s Chapel has a window depicting the charitable activities of the Order of the Knights of St John of Malta. In the eleventh century the Order founded a hospitum – a combination of pilgrims’ hostel and hospital – in Jerusalem.
Their activities included feeding the hungry, treating wounds, nursing the sick, carrying for foreigners, preaching the Gospel, liberating prisoners, giving water to the thirsty and defending the law.
There were centres of the St John’s Order in the places named in the window






This window, with its colourings of purple, blue and red also clearly indicates the atmosphere of the Middle Ages Unfortunately a wall with entrance was erected in 1987 (a shame to deform this magnific monument in such way), making it difficult to view the lower part of the window
The Southern Transept
  DSC00059 P1000392
  tained glass window (Southern transept), depicting five historical scenes from Dordrecht.

1. The liberation of Dordrecht by the “Watergeuzen” (sea fighters) in 1572

The lowest part of the window depict their leaders, Lumey, Count Van Der Mark (left side), and Barthold Entens van Mentheda (right side).

2. William of Orange taking part in Holy Communion in Dordrecht Minster on 21 March 1574.
3. The first Free States Meeting under the chairmanship of Marnix van Sint Aldegonde, held in 1572 in the former Augustine monastery. It was attended by representatives of those cities which had supported William of Orange in the fight against Spain. This lead unintentionally to the founding of the Repulblic of the United Netherlands. The cities represented at that meeting are depicted in the window by their coats of arms. These are connected by the motto Concordia res parvae crescunt (Union also makes the small large).

4. Above the coats of arms can be seen the important people who attended the National Synod in Dordrecht in 1618 - 1619. From left to right they are Prince Maurits; his nephew, the Friesian governor Willem Lodewijk; Johannes Uitenbogaerdt